Roti or chapatti or phulka are the terms used for Indian flat bread. These are eaten in Indian (asian) homes either for lunch or dinner or even for breakfast. Different varieties of rotis can be made with various types of flours such as wheat, jowar, bajra, ragi etc or with a combination of all of them.
Rotis / chapatis are either fried (on a tawa/griddle) dry or with a little oil. But phulkas are dry fried first on the tawa and then fried directly over the flame (over the gas burner). Ghee is smeared on it later (while it is still hot) and it is optional. Since no oil is used either in the dough or while frying, this is a healthier version. Besides, the phulkas generally turn out very soft and tasty as they puff out, separating the two layers.
Addition of pudina (mint) in the dough gives it an aromatic flavour and if you like mint, then you will find this very tasteful. Making of phulkas may seem a little complicated as you have to do some balancing act but once you get the hang of it and with a little practice, I feel it is worth the trouble.
1 big bunch
3 or as per taste
As per taste
Ghee (clarified butter)
For smearing the phulkas
- Wash the mint thoroughly in water. Drain and pick the leaves from the stems and discard the woody stems.
- Roughly grind mint leaves, green chilies with little water and keep aside.
- In a large mixing bowl, add wheat flour, salt & turmeric and mix well.
- To this mixture and the ground mint leaves.
- Add sufficient water to this mixture and knead it into soft pliable dough.
- Place the dough in a container and cover it with a lid.
- After an hour or two make small balls (desired size and quantity) and flatten each ball with a rolling pin into chapattis/rotis (not very thin) with the help of little dry wheat flour .
- Heat a tawa or griddle. Once the tawa is hot, lower the flame and place a chapatti on the hot griddle and fry it first on one side and turn it and fry the same way on the other side till tiny light brown spots appear on the surface of the chapatti.
- Remove it from the tawa/ griddle and place it on a plate.
- The above procedure to be followed for all the chapattis/rotis. For making of Phulkas - see below:
Makes : 15 Rotis or Phulkas (depending upon the size of the balls)
- Same procedure as above but once the tiny light brown spots appear, hold the chapatti with tongs in your right hand and remove it from the griddle and at the same time, with your left hand, remove the griddle from the fire. Now place the chapatti (held with the tongs) directly on the fire as shown (flame should be high). The chapatti will immediately puff up. Now turn the puffed chapatti on the other side. This side too will puff up instantly. Your Phulka is now ready.
- Remove it quickly and place it on a plate.
- Smear a little ghee with a teaspoon onto the phulka while it is still hot (you will use less ghee)
- Follow the same procedure for all the chapattis/rotis.
- For making phulkas, use a tawa/griddle preferably with a handle.
- Phulkas puff out well if hte dough is well kneaded.
- The same dough can be used for making parathas too.